Farmers in Wales would be offered extra money to carry out work which protects and enhances the environment under new post-Brexit farming proposals.
Farms would be expected to work with an adviser to develop bespoke contracts.
But it is not known how much money will be available to fund the Sustainable Farming Scheme after Brexit.
The Welsh Government is asking people’s views on its new plans after an earlier consultation attracted a record-breaking number of responses.
Welsh farmers currently receive about £300m a year in direct support from Brussels – making up 80% of their income on average.
Originally ministers had proposed two new grant schemes, but the latest proposal rolls them into one.
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The Sustainable Farming Scheme will pay out for work to cut greenhouse gas emissions, create habitats for wildlife and improve water quality.
Farms will be visited by an adviser who will draw up a contract based on the environmental benefits they agree the farmer is, or could be delivering.
They will be rewarded for new environmental work – like planting new woodlands – but also for maintaining and enhancing what is already there.
Farmers will also be able to access a range of business support, such as help with skills development or loans for new equipment.
The scheme will help address challenges in sustainable food production, responding to climate change and increasing biodiversity, according to minister for the environment and rural affairs Lesley Griffiths.
“We believe future farm support should reflect this and reward farmers who take action to meet these challenges,” she explained.
Ms Griffiths had initially hoped the new funding scheme would be phased in from 2021.
That aim has been dropped due to ongoing uncertainty around Brexit – which Ms Griffiths described as “incredibly frustrating” – but a multi-year transition is still promised.
Farmers have until 30 October to respond to the latest consultation, and have been offered the chance to “co-design” the final proposals in the autumn.
More than 12,000 responses were received the last time views were sought on farming after Brexit – a record for the rural affairs department.
The Farmers’ Union of Wales (FUW) warned that removing direct support payments based on how much land is farmed could see Welsh farmers disadvantaged compared with their counterparts in the EU.
“This concern would also relate to competition with farmers in Scotland and Northern Ireland if those countries retain some form of direct support,” said Glyn Roberts, FUW president.
Plaid Cymru’s rural affairs spokesman, Llyr Gruffydd said the Welsh Government had been “stung into a change in tone” after a “hostile reaction” to its earlier consultation.
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